Real Estate Development Matrix
A Multi-Disciplinary Project
The real estate development process is organized around a 56-cell, stage-task matrix, which describes the entire real estate development process in seven stages from the land banking stage to the redevelopment stage. In each stage, there are eight categories of tasks that need to be addressed. The main thesis of this interdisciplinary development model is that there are discrete stages in the process, and in each stage the real estate developer must (1) complete different tasks using specialized skills and thereby accepting certain risks and (2) employ various capital structures with different risk-return characteristics to create or "capture" the value increase in that stage. The seven stages in the model are: land banking, land packaging, land development, building development, building operation, building renovation, and site redevelopment. Each stage in the process begins with the acquisition tasks and ends with the disposition tasks. Each stage must also address, to some extent, the following categories of tasks (many of which are done simultaneously): financing, market research, approvals, environmental, improvement construction, and transportation and accessibility concerns. As with all real world applications of conceptual models, the lines separating the stages and the categories are fuzzy.
The Development Matrix can be used as a descriptive, normative, or predictive model. As a pedagogical tool, the Development matrix can help the student understand the process, risks, and value creation in real estate development. For more information click a matrix cell below. Click here for information Using the matrix.